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کتاب Edifying Stories

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درباره کتاب Edifying Stories

The book in your hand consists of some very interesting stories from Maad Shinasi. These enlightening stories are very effective for personal development and guidance of man. We hope that readers would benefit from it by the grace of the Almighty Allah and blessings of the Ahle Bayt (a). The compiler had only quoted the actual text of the incidents and arranged the stories from Maad Shinasi, with the hope that readers would not only derive the necessary conclusions, but also apply their different aspects to their fundamental beliefs. In the end, it is most important to remind that this humble presentation should not be read like any ordinary story book, as the issues that it contains are powerful enough to mold the future of each one of us forever.

ادامه...
  • ناشر انتشارات انصاریان
  • تاریخ نشر
  • زبان انگلیسی
  • حجم فایل 1.21 مگابایت
  • تعداد صفحات ۲۷۴ صفحه
  • شابک

بخشی از کتاب Edifying Stories

شما به آخر نمونه کتاب رسیده‌اید، برای خواندن نسخه کامل، کتاب الکترونیک را خریداری نمایید و سپس با نصب اپلیکیشن فیدیبو آن را مطالعه کنید:



Resurrection

The most important issue, which the Almighty Allah has emphasized and about which, He has mentioned hundreds of verses, is the matter of resurrection, Judgment Day and matters related to them, contemplating on which creates profound effects on human life and sometimes through this deviation is removed and is replaced by guidance.
Man, who is superior and more excellent than all creatures, when he likes to step forward on the path of God, he should contemplate about resurrection and Judgment Day. That is he should prepare the provisions for grave and Judgment Day. He should not be deceived by the world in the race of materialism. He should tread the illuminated path of piety and guidance in order to gain perfection and deliverance. He should not waste the excellence that the Almighty Allah has bestowed on him. He should not step forward like animals.
Many books are written on the topic of resurrection and issues related to it, like: agony of death, death, Purgatory, interrogation of the angels in grave, Judgment Day, gathering and herding, accounting, Siraat Bridge, intercession, Heights (Araaf), Kauthar Pool, Paradise and Hell etc. It is a matter of absolute necessity for everyone to study them.
One of the books written on this topic is Maad Shinasi of Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Husain Tehrani consisting of ten volumes. In this book, in addition to verses of Quran, traditional reports and philosophical issues, interesting stories are also mentioned to attract the attention of readers.(1)
The book in your hand consists of some very interesting stories from Maad Shinasi. These enlightening stories are very effective for personal development and guidance of man. We hope that readers would benefit from it by the grace of the Almighty Allah and blessings of the Ahle Bayt (a).
The compiler had only quoted the actual text of the incidents and arranged the stories from Maad Shinasi, with the hope that readers would not only derive the necessary conclusions, but also apply their different aspects to their fundamental beliefs.
In the end, it is most important to remind that this humble presentation should not be read like any ordinary story book, as the issues that it contains are powerful enough to mold the future of each one of us forever.

Allah is the giver of good sense
Sayyid Athar Husain Rizvi

1. Greedy old man and Harun Rashid

It is said that Harun Rashid told his ministers and advisor: I would like to meet someone who has had the honor to meet the Messenger of Allah (s) and who has heard a tradition from him, so that he may narrate it directly from the Prophet (s). [Since the caliphate of Harun Rashid commenced in 170 A.H., during that long period there was no one surviving since the time of the Prophet and if there was, he was unknown.] Agents of Harun started searching for such a man all around the Islamic kingdom, but they could find none, except an old man all of whose senses had become weak and he was nothing, except a bundle of bones. He was brought in a basket and placed delicately in the court before Harun. Harun was pleased to meet someone who had met the Holy Prophet (s) and heard him speak.
Harun asked: Old man, have you seen the Holy Prophet (s)?
Yes, he replied.
Harun asked: When did you see him?
He replied: I was a child, when my father took me to meet the Holy Prophet (s) and after that I never saw him till he passed away from the world.
Harun asked: Did you hear a tradition from the Messenger of Allah (s) that day?
He replied: Yes. I heard him say: As the man ages, two qualities ripen in him: one is greed and the other is extended hopes.
Harun was delighted to hear a prophetic tradition through only a single intermediary. He ordered that elderly gentleman to be granted a pouch of money and to be escorted back to his residence.
When the servants carried him out, he raised his voice and said: Take me back to Harun’s court as I want to ask him something. After that you may take me home.
The basket carriers again brought him to Harun. He asked: What is the matter?
He said: Your majesty, please tell me whether this is a one time gift or you would bestow a similar amount every year?
Harun Rashid laughed and exclaimed in surprise: The Messenger of Allah (s) indeed said the truth: As the man ages, two qualities ripen in him: greed and extended hopes.
Hardly any strength is left in this man, but yet he wants to know whether this is a one time gift or it would be given to him every year.
Greed for wealth and long hopes have brought him till here, but still he thinks of his future and is in search of assistance from others.(2)

2. PROPHET SULAIMAN AND A MAN TERRIFIED BY ISRAEL

It is narrated that a terrified man came to Prophet Sulaiman (a) who saw that he was trembling in fear. He asked: Why are you so terrified? He replied: I saw the Angel of death looking at me in anger and malevolence; that is why I am petrified.
Prophet Sulaiman asked: What do you want?
He replied: O Prophet of God, the wind is under your control, please order it to carry me to India, so that I may escape the clutches of Israel.
Prophet Sulaiman ordered the wind to take that man to India at the soonest.
The following day Prophet Sulaiman was in his court when Israel the angel of death came to meet him. He asked: Why did you terrify that man so much that he left his home and fled to an alien country?
Israel replied: I did not look at him angrily, on the contrary, he thought negatively of me. As a matter of fact, I was supposed to capture his soul in India at such and such time, but when I saw him here, I was extremely stunned how he would reach India so quickly, but he was terrified that I looked at him in anger; although I was not furious at him, I was instead apprehensive how I would fulfill the divine command.
However, I told myself that I should do what I am supposed to and I am not duty bound to do anything else. So I went to India to fulfill the duty entrusted to me by Allah and found him there. So I captured his soul.

3. CAPTURING THE SOUL OF PROPHET IBRAHIM

It is narrated from the Messenger of Allah (s) that he said: When Allah, the Mighty and Sublime wanted to capture to the soul of his prophet (Ibrahim), He sent the Angel of death to him. When the angel came to Ibrahim (a), he greeted: Peace be on you, O Ibrahim.
Prophet Ibrahim (a) replied: And peace be on you, O Angel of death, have you have brought a definite command from the Almighty Allah for me to accept death, or do I have an option?
Israel said: I came to take you to the Almighty Allah willingly. So surrender to me and accept it as the Almighty Allah has sent me for you.
Ibrahim (a) asked: Have you seen any friend prefer the death of his bosom friend?
Israel returned to the Almighty Allah and said: You heard what Your bosom friend, Ibrahim said.
Allah said: Go to him again and inquire: Have you seen a friend detest meeting his bosom friend?
Moral: The fact is that a friend is always prepared and eager to meet his bosom friend.(3)

4. IMAM ALI IN HIS LAST MOMENTS

Asbagh bin Nubatah says: After Amirul Momineen (a) was fatally injured, I came to see His Eminence and threw myself at his feet and started weeping.
He said: O Asbagh, get up, why are you crying? I can see the path of Paradise before me.
I said: I know that you are eager to meet the Almighty and the path of Paradise is before you, but I am aggrieved at your separation and I am weeping on myself.(4)

5. DEATH OF EASE

Haji Momin was a friend of mine. He was a resident of Shiraz. He says: A congregational leader of Shiraz asked me to accompany him to the Ziyarat of Imam Ali Reza (a). We booked a special car for this purpose and some traders were also in our company. We set out from home and first reached Holy Qom, where we stayed for a couple of days to perform the Ziyarat of Masuma Qom. I encountered strange episodes and witnessed many unknown realities. Then we continued our journey to Tehran and then onwards to Holy Mash-had. When we passed Nishapur, we saw a person walking on the road on way to Mash-had with only a bundle on his shoulders.
The driver stopped the car to take him on as it was a charitable deed and there was some extra space in the vehicle. Some people stepped down and I was also among them. We asked him to hop along, but he refused. When we repeated our offer, he accepted it, but on the condition that he would sit besides me and that I would have to listen to what he says without challenging any of his statements.
He boarded the vehicle and sat next to me. He talked all the way and informed me about many things. One by one, he mentioned all that was to happen in my life. I was pleased inwardly and was thinking that all this was not but a divine bestowal and a blessing of Imam Ali Reza (a) till we reached the Place of Steps (Qadam Gah). All of us disembarked and I wanted to go along with my companions and lunch with them, but he said: Eat with me today. Since I was not supposed to protest against any of his statements, I yielded and agreed to eat with him.
He took out a food packet from his pocket with some bread, which looked fresh and some green raisins. We ate from it and were soon satiated. The food was extremely tasty. He said: You may join your friends, if you like.
I went to my friends and found them eating together from a vessel. There was blood and dirt in it and their hands were also smeared in blood; by they were quite unaware of this. However, I did not utter anything, because I supposed to keep absolutely quiet.
When I returned, he asked: Did you see what your friends were eating? This is how dubious food is, which you might have also eaten. I advise you to keep away from outside food.
I said: If Allah wills, I will do so in future.
After that he said: Haji Momin, the time of my death is near. I am proceeding to the upper storey, and will die there. Take this handkerchief, you can spend all the money in it for my last rites and bury me wherever Sayyid Hashim deems proper. [Sayyid Hashim was a prayer leader of Shiraz, with whom we had come to Mash-had].
I asked: Do you want to die?
He replied: Keep quiet, I will die, but don’t tell anyone of it.
After that he stood before the place of martyrdom of Imam (a) and saluted him. He wept too much and said: I came here to pay tribute to you what can be a greater fortune that I have been blessed with the Ziyarat of the place of martyrdom of the Holy Imam (a).
From the cellar he went up, and I was anxious and confused and extremely helpless. After sometime I also went to the upper level and saw that he was lying flat and his feet were towards Qibla and he was dead. As if he was lying there since a thousand years. I came down and searched out Sayyid Hashim and other companions and informed them about it. They expressed deep regrets and complained why I had not informed them earlier.
He had told me not to tell anyone and if I knew that he would not be pleased even after his death, I would not have informed now also.
All the companions expressed grief. They went upstairs and brought him down, placed the body on the vehicle and departed for Mash-had.
On reaching there Sayyid Hashim conveyed the information of his death to some scholars there. They came in a large group and after the last rites, buried him in the corner of the courtyard. I paid the charges from the twelve Tomans he has given to me and when I had paid it all, nothing remained.(5)

6. DEATH BY CHOICE

Late Shaykh Muhammad Hakim Haidji was an Islamic scholar from Tehran. Till the last days of his life he lectured in Madressa Muniria, but later this Madressa was demolished for widening of the road, because it was next to the tomb of Imamzada Sayyid Nasiruddin.
The late gentleman was a man of clean conscience and absolutely free of arrogance. He followed a very grand philosophy. He was ever busy in teaching and he taught whatever the students wanted to study from religious subjects: Sharh Manzuma Sabzwari, Asfar Mulla Sadra, Shifa, Isharaat, and even introductory lessons like Jamiul Muqaddimat. He did not show any hesitation in teaching. It is said that the late Haidji initially did not believe in death by choice and considered that it was something impossible. He denied it before his students as well and even presented its rebuttal.
One night, after praying the Isha Prayer in his room he was reciting the post prayer recitations when a villager entered and greeted him. He placed his staff in a corner and asked: O scholar, what is your aim in doing this? Haidji asked: What am I doing?
That old man said: Death by choice and its denial. What have you got to do with these things?
Haidji said: This is our job. We discuss and debate scholarly topics and we have put in lot of efforts to get this expertise and we don’t say anything of our own accord.
You don’t accept death by choice?
No, said Haidji.
Meanwhile, a number of students also joined them to see what was going on. In front of them all, the old man stretched his legs to the Qibla and lay down on his back and said: Surely we belong to Allah and to Him we shall return, as if he had been dead since a thousand years.
Hakim Haidji became extremely anxious. What will happen now? The police would suspect that we brought a traveler into the room and either poisoned or strangled him.
He informed others of this. They trooped into the teacher’s room immediately and all were stunned. At last it was decided that the caretaker of the Madressa would bring a coffin and bury him in the dead of the night; but all of a sudden that man sat up and recited: In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Then he smiled at Haidji and asked: Now, do you believe?
Haidji was dumbfounded; he said: Yes, I believe it! You had almost killed me! The old man said: Only reading lessons in religious sciences is not sufficient; midnight worship is also necessary.
From that day Hakim Haidji altered his practice. He reserved half his time for study, writing and teaching and the other for prayer and contemplation on the Almighty Allah. He made it a habit to get up from his bed at night and go where he was supposed to reach. His heart became illuminated with the effulgence of God and free of everything other than that; it filled up with love and devotion for the Almighty Allah.
Circumstances of his life history can be known through the study of his poetic compilations in Persian and Turkish. He has also written a gloss on Sharh Manzuma, which is a very useful book. At the end of his Diwan, he has written a bequest, which is very sweet and absorbing. After divine praise, testimonies and prefaces and scheme of chapters, he says:
I request my friends that as long as people do not put a cloth over my coffin, it is not necessary to weep and wail and no one should hear the sound of final Majlis, because my life is over and my work has ended. My friends should be pleased that I have escaped from the life of the world and I am heading to my destination, where I will enjoy an everlasting life. If my friends are uncomfortable due to our separation, they will also join me sooner or later.
He gave some money to his friends to celebrate the night of his death as it would be the night of rendezvous with the Almighty Allah. He said: My late friend, Sayyid Mahdi (r.a.) promised that he would be my host and I am sure he would fulfill his promise, if Allah wills.
Students of Muniriya Madressa say that on his last day alive, the late Haidji summoned all the students, advised them and had a very humorous interaction with them and enjoyed it very much. We were very surprised that this teacher, who spends his nights in worship, why he was so humorous.
Haidji performed the Morning Prayer at the earliest hour of excellence and then went to his room to rest. After sometime, when the door of the room was opened it was seen that he was lying facing the Qibla and his soul had flown away to the spiritual world.(6)

7. DEATH WITHOUT FEAR

A friend of mine, Haji Hadi Khan Sami Abhuri, had a very pious disposition. He was a very frank gentleman and also very clever. He lived to an age of eighty two years and has narrated the following story:
During a journey of Ziyarat of the holy places we stayed for some days in Najaf Ashraf, but did not find anyone with whom we can hold a heart to heart talk in order to get peace of mind.
One day we went for the Ziyarat of the holy mausoleum and spent some time in the sanctuary, but we did not find anyone there. I requested Amirul Momineen (a): O our lord and master, we are your guests, we have spent so many days in Najaf, but we did not meet anyone; this is very unlikely from your kindness.
After prayer, we came out and without a conscious effort wandered into Bazar Khawish and walking through it came to the Madressa of Sayyid Muhammad Kazim Yazdi. We sat in a room opposite the platform in the courtyard. At the time of Noon (Zuhr) Prayer we saw a person some down from the upper storey. He was extremely handsome and seemingly positive man. He went up to the terrace and recited the call for prayer and then came down. When he was entering the room our eyes were focused on his face. We saw that due to the effect of reciting the Adhan his cheeks were shinning like pearls. Then he went inside and closed the door.
I started weeping and beseeched: O Amirul Momineen (a). After so many days I happened to see a holy man, but he also ignored me.
At once he opened the door and beckoned me to go up. I arose and went upstairs into his room. We embraced each other and continued to weep for sometime and then fell silent. We continued to look at each other for sometime and then separated.
This gentleman with illuminated conscience was Shaykh Murtaza Taliqani (a.m.), who was the owner of good qualities and excellence. He had spent his life in the Madressa and remained engrossed in teaching like Hakim Haidji, and he used to teach whatever the students wanted to learn.
Students of the Sayyid say that on the night of his passing away, Shaykh Murtaza gathered everyone in the room and he was in a hilarious mood all the night. He joked with everyone and enjoyed it. To any student who wanted to return to his room he said: This one night is valuable! No one was aware why he was saying that.
In the early dawn, the teacher went up to the terrace and recited the call for prayer. He came down and the sun had not yet risen, but it was seen that he was lying in his room facing the Qibla with a cloth covering him. He had surrendered himself to the Creator.
The superintendent of the Madressa says that the night preceding his death, he met him in passing and said: Tonight you will go to sleep and wake up in the morning; then you will go to the pool to perform ablution. People will tell you that Shaykh Murtaza has passed away. The man said: I did not understand. I thought he must be joking. In the morning, I went to the pool to perform ablution and saw that the students were saying: Shaykh Murtaza has passed away.(7)

8. REASON OF FEARING DEATH

In Maniul Akhbar, Shaykh Saduq has narrated from Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a) that he said: Imam Hasan (a) had a friend, who was of a very humorous nature. He did not come to the Imam for sometime. When he came one day, the Imam asked: How are you?
He replied: O son of Allah’s Messenger, I am leading a life against what I want and against that, which Allah wants and against that, which Satan wants.
Imam Hasan (a) smiled and asked: How is that?
He said: The Almighty Allah wants that I should always obey Him and never disobey Him and I am not like that. I want that I should not die, but this is also not possible.
Another person stood up and asked: O son of Allah’s Messenger, why do we not like death?
He replied: It is so, because you have destroyed the hereafter and inhabited the world; that is why you detest leaving the inhabited place and being transferred to a destroyed place.(8)

9. DEATH IS A BRIDGE TO PARADISE OR HELL

Imam Zainul Abideen (a) says: The day of Ashura was the most difficult day for Imam Husain (a). When he glanced at those who were with him, he noticed that as the circumstances worsened, their faces paled, each of their joints quivered and the rate of their heartbeats increased.
However, the state of Imam Husain (a) and his special companions was that their faces were shinning, their limbs were at peace and they were in absolute tranquility.
One of them said to another: Did you see such and such person? It is as if he is not scared of death.
Chief of the martyrs, Imam Husain (a) told them: Dear sons and respected elders, rest for sometime; observe patience and forbearance, because death is like a bridge, which will take you across to Paradise and its bounties forever. Which of you dislikes to be transferred from the prison to a palace? Yes. For your enemies, death is same as leaving a palace and being transferred to a prison.
Indeed, my respected father has narrated to me from the Messenger of Allah (s) that he said: This world is a prison for a believer and a Paradise for the infidel: and death is a bridge, which takes the believers to Paradise and drags our enemies to Hell. I do not lie and I have not been lied to.(9)

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